Cybersecurity interviews usually differ from others in that they often combine a mix of technical questions and standard getting-to-know-you inquiries. Candidates really have to be prepared when it comes to interviewing for security analyst careers. First, you want to create a brief elevator pitch to communicate that you are a trustworthy, reliable candidate. Explain what you’ve already accomplished and highlight your professional goals. Then, you can really showcase your knowledge by getting ready to answer these cybersecurity questions that you need to know.
What are some ways to authenticate someone?
Be prepared to discuss the three authentication factors (something you know, have, are). The most common type is something you know (password, pin, security questions). Explain that ID cards, cell phones, etc. are authenticating devices that you can have. Something you are is the most secure type of the three because it’s biometric and requires a fingerprint, signature or voice password. Then, don’t hesitate to share some knowledge concerning two-factor and multi-factor authentication.
How would you secure a network?
Ask for more details about the network like what devices are currently on it, routing methods, how many users there are, etc. Then, highlight some actions that you’ve taken in the past, or would consider taking in the future, like implementing strong WEP or WPA encryption and setting up PKI infrastructure.
How do you stop phishing?
For something like this, candidates are encouraged to discuss the importance of prevention by educating users to avoid clicking on suspicious email links and going directly to the site. You can also take some time to discuss other security options like installing stronger firewalls and spam filters.
Why is security important?
This is where you can really stand out from the competition and justify why a company should hire you. An effective response should include some relevant statistics concerning the costs associated with not having an expert cybersecurity specialist on the payroll. For instance, in 2019 companies that experienced data breaches lost $8.19 million on average which resulted in bankruptcies, lawsuits, fines, etc. Explain how a full-time specialist can help the company monitor the latest threats, automate security checks and protect the business’s assets.
What are your greatest strengths and weaknesses?
Even though most of the questions might be technical in nature, you still have to be ready to pivot and have a sincere conversation to answer general questions that will help determine cultural fit. This is such a common question because hiring managers want to know which areas where you may need improvement along with what areas of expertise you have to offer.